Bible School        

                                                        Table View - Cape Town - South Africa - Tel: 021 556 0146  or  Chris @ 074 240 6404



                                                                                                  WHO IS JESUS CHRIST?

‘Jesus’ is the Greek form of the Hebrew name ‘Joshua’, meaning ‘Jehovah is salvation’ Matthew 1:21. Jesus is also called ‘Christ’, from the Greek word ‘Christos’, meaning ‘Messiah’, anointed one of God.

1. John 1:1-2, In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God.’ This proves the pre-existence of Jesus as God and His co-equality with the Father. The ‘Word’ refers to Jesus as the revelation of God. Hebrews 1:1-2, ‘God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds’. The phrases ‘in the beginning’ in John 1:1, and ‘from the beginning’ in 1 John 1:1, do not refer to the beginning of time, but to the fact that Jesus existed before there was any beginning whatsoever, John 17:5, ‘And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. Here Jesus refers to His pre-incarnate glory which He shared with the Father from all eternity, ‘before the world was’ before He came to earth. Jesus came down from Heaven at His incarnation and went back up again at His ascension, after the resurrection, see John 3:13.

2.  The next aspect of Jesus’ eternal existence is His incarnation; when He took on human form … John 1:14 ‘and the Word was made flesh’, and dwelt among us, the event that changed the course of the world. It was at His incarnation that Jesus became God’s son, Matthew 3:17, ‘And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased’. The incarnation centers on the virgin birth of Jesus. This is one of the central doctrines of the Christian faith, John 3:17, ‘For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.’

3.  Jesus was circumcised eight days after His birth, and as required under the Old Covenant law, when Mary’s purification was complete, she and Joseph took Him to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord Matthew 2:1-11, 13-15, 19-23; Lu 2:1-12, 16-17, 21-22, 25-32, 36-40. After this there is no record of Jesus’ boyhood in scripture other than that of His trip to Jerusalem with Mary and Joseph at the Feast of the Passover, when He was twelve years old Luke 2:41-52.

4. The next record of Jesus in scripture is of His baptism by John the Baptist, when He was about thirty years old, Luke 3:23. Mark 1:9-11, ‘And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: And there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.’ Luke 3:1-6, 15-17, 21-23, John 1:6-9, 15, 19-34. This was the sign by which God told John the Baptist that he would know Jesus Isaiah 11:2; 42:1-4; 61:1-4 with John 1:32-34. Jesus had no need to be baptized by John. John’s baptism was a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins, signifying confession of sin by those who took part in it, and commitment to a Holy life in anticipation of the coming Messiah for whom John was preparing the way Matthew 3:1-11. John knew that Jesus was sinless and did not need to be baptized for the remission of sins, but Jesus insisted that John baptize Him to ‘fulfill all righteousness’ Matthew 3:13-15. Jesus got baptized to identify with sinners.

5. After His baptism by John, Jesus was taken by the Holy Spirit into the wilderness where He was tempted of the devil for forty days Matthew 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-15. This teaches that it is only by being completely submitted to the authority of God’s word as Jesus was, that Christians will be able to overcome the temptations they will encounter in their Christian walk Psalm 119:9-16; 2Corinthians 10:3-5; Ephesians 6:10-18; He 4:12 with James 4:7; 1Peter 5:8-9.

6. Look at Jesus' earthly ministry: the main phase of this ministry, which lasted only about three years, began in Galilee after He overcame the devil. Luke 3:24, ‘And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age. It was here Jesus gathered to Himself the twelve disciples Matthew 4:12-23; Mark 1:14-21; 2:13-14; Luke 4:14-21, 38: 5:1-11, 27-29 with Matthew 10:1; Mk 6:7; Luke 6:12-16. It was at Cana in Galilee that Jesus performed His first miracle, three days after He commenced His earthly ministry, and because of it, the disciples believed on Him. He turned water into wine at the wedding in Cana John 2:1-11. This was but the first of many miracles by Jesus during His earthly ministry. There were numerous miracles of healing all manner of sickness and disease. Multitudes got healed Matthew 4:23-24; 8:1-4, 5-13, 14-17; 9:20-22, 35; 12:10-16; 14:14, 34-36; 15:21-28, 30; 19:1-2; Mark 6:5-6; Luke 5:15; 6:17-18; 13:10-13; 14:1-4; 17:11-19; 22:50-51; John 4:46-54.

Jesus cast demons out of people they possessed Matthew 8:28-33; 9:32-33; 12:22; 17:14-18; Mark 1:21-28, 39; Luke 8:2. The lame were made to walk Matthew 9:1-8; 21:14; John 5:2-9. The dead were raised up to life Matthew 9:18, 23-26; Luke 7:11-16; John 11:1, 6-7, 11-17, 20-26, 32-34, 38-45. The blind were made to see Matthew 9:27-31; 12:22; 20:30-34; 21:14; Mark 8:22-26; 10:46-52; John 9:1-7. The deaf were made to hear, and the dumb to speak Matthew 9:32-33; 12:22; Mark 7:31-37. Jesus miraculously fed over five thousand people with just five loaves of bread and two fishes, and soon after, over four thousand with seven loaves and a few small fishes Matthew 14:15-21; 15:32-38. Jesus counteracted nature and walked on water Matthew 14:22-25. Jesus was also responsible for two miraculous catches of fish, the first, just after He began His ministry, before He had chosen the twelve disciples Luke 5:1-11. The second catch was after Jesus’ resurrection and the disciples had returned to fishing John 21:1-14. These are all the miracles of Jesus recorded in scripture. They have been listed here to show Christians that these are the works that Jesus promised that Christians can not only likewise do, but that they will do even greater works John 14:12-14.

7. Much of Jesus’ teaching was in parables, which are sayings that teach truth by comparison. They are stories drawn from nature or human circumstances to teach a moral or spiritual truth. Jesus taught in parables extensively because they have a double use, they reveal the truth to those who want it, and conceal it from those who did not Matthew 13:10-17, 34-35; Mark 4:33-34. The purpose of parables is to arrest and hold the attention of the hearer. The meaning of the parable has to be studied, it is not the story that is of value but the lesson it teaches. There is a comparison being made and the hearer has to perceive the likeness of the thing compared to learn the lesson. For example, disciples of John the Baptist came to Jesus and asked Him why His disciples did not follow the Old Testament religious practice of fasting Matthew 9:14. Jesus responded with a parable Matthew 9:16-17. This is called the parable of old and new cloth and wineskins. Here Jesus foretells the abolition of the Old Covenant and its complete replacement with a New Covenant. In using the principles of new cloth as a patch upon an old garment tearing away more, and new wine bursting old wineskins, Jesus made it clear that He did not come as a reformer to patch up the old worn-out Old Covenant, but that He would replace it in its entirety with a New Covenant. So this had to do with doctrine.

8. In the hours leading up to His death Jesus partook of the Passover with the disciples, during which He instituted the Lord’s Supper, or communion, as it is generally called, Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-24; Luke 22:19-20 with 1Corinthians 11:23-26. Paul received the revelation of communion from Jesus Himself. After they had eaten the Passover and Judas Iscariot had left to betray Him, Jesus went to the garden of Gethsemane to pray. While Jesus was in the garden He was arrested Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-50; Luke 22:47-54; John 18:1-13. All the disciples fled after Jesus was arrested. Peter followed to where He was taken, but when accused of being with Jesus, Peter denied it three times, which Jesus had earlier foretold would happen, Matthew 26:31-35, 69-75; Mark 14:26-31, 66-72; Luke 22:31-34, 54-62; John 18:15-27. After a mock trial and scourging, Jesus was taken away to be crucified, nailed to a cross and left to die. Crucifixion was the most painful and degrading form of capital punishment in the ancient world. This was how the Romans publicly displayed criminals, and they treated the Son of God the same way to please the Jewish religious leaders Matthew 27:15-26, 32-50; Mark 15:9-15, 20-37; Luke 23:13-25, 26-46; John 19:5-16, 17-37. Jesus was crucified with two thieves, one on the left of Him, and one on the right as recorded in Matthew 27:38, Luke 23:32 and John 19:18. Note that Luke records that Jesus saved the one who acknowledged that He was the Son of God, and had done no wrong Luke 23:39-43.

9. When Jesus died, that instant the veil of the Temple rent in two; the ground shook and rocks broke up; graves were opened and the dead in them rose to life. After Jesus’ resurrection they came out of their graves and went into Jerusalem, where they were seen by many people. Matthew 27:52-54, ‘And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many’. Mark 15:38. These bodies could not have come out of their graves until Jesus was resurrected, because He was ordained to be the first-begotten from the dead 1Corinthians 15:20-23; Revelation 1:5. The significance of the veil in the Temple being torn in two from top to bottom when Jesus died, meant that every Christian from that time on can enter into God’s Throne of Grace in heaven through Jesus’ atoning death. The veil represented Jesus’ flesh Hebrews 4:14-16; 10:19-23. The veil also represented the middle wall of partition that kept Jews and Gentiles apart Ephesians 2:14-18. When the veil rent in two it broke down that wall, and from then on, regardless of who they are, Christians are all one in Christ Galatians 3:28. After He died, Jesus’ body was claimed by Joseph of Arimathéa, a disciple of Jesus, and was laid in his tomb, Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-46; Luke 23:50-53; John 19:38-42. With the death and burial of Jesus, His earthly career comes to an end, but with His resurrection on the third day, He lives on as the exalted Lord Acts 2:32-36; 5:30-32; Philippians 2:5-11.

10. It should be noted that before we look at His resurrection, between His death and resurrection, Jesus went and preached to the spirits in prison, 1 Peter 3:18-20, ‘For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit: By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison; Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water’. (a) The risen Christ revealed Himself first to Mary Magdalene and the other Mary when they went to the tomb to anoint His body with spices before sunrise on the Sunday morning following His burial Matthew 28:1-10; Mark 16:1-10; John 20:1-18. (b) Jesus then appeared to the disciples, first to two of them on the road to Emmaus Mark 16:9-13; Luke 24:13-35. Then to the eleven Matthew 28:16-20; Mark 16:14-18; Luke 24:36-48; John 20:19-23. And lastly, to the seven disciples fishing in the Sea of Tiberius John 21:1-24.

11. Forty days after His resurrection, Jesus ascended to Heaven, Mark 16:19-20; Luke 24:50-51 also Acts 1:1-9. Christ’s ascension to Heaven was predicted in the Old Testament by King David Psalm 68:18 with Ephesians 4:8-10; Psalm 110:1 with Mark 16:19. The ‘captivity’ Jesus led captive in Psalm 68 and Ephesians 4, were the souls of all the saints of God from Abel to Christ who had died and been held captive by Satan, including those who were resurrected after Christ; Matthew 27:52-53 with Hebrews 2:14-15; 12:23. Since Jesus’ ascension, when Christians die, their souls go straight to Heaven awaiting the resurrection of their bodies 2 Corinthians 5:1-4; Hebrews 12:22-23; Revelation 6:9-11 with 1Corinthians 15:20-23, 42-44, 51-58. The gifts in Ephesians 4:8 which Jesus gave to men when He ‘ascended on high’ were the gifts of the Spirit and ministry gifts for the church verse 8 with 1 Corinthians 12:1-11a and Ephesians 4:11-16.

12. But the present work of Christ that is emphasized the most in the New Testament is His intercessory ministry on behalf of Christians with God. He is their advocate, mediator, high priest and intercessor Romans 8:33-34; 1 Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 7:25; 8:1; 9:11-14; 1 John 2:1. Jesus has made it possible through His shed blood for Christians to come confidently to the Throne of Grace where He sits at God’s right hand. The first aspect of His present work was sending the Holy Spirit to lead His people in the way of everlasting life, to convict sinners of their need of a Savior, John 14:16-17, 26; 16:7-15, and to empower Christians for service to God Matthew 3:1-2, 11; Mark 1:1-6; 16:17-20; Luke 3:2-3, 16; 24:49: John 1:32-34; 7:37-39; Acts 1:4-8; 2:1-4, 38-39; 10:44-46; 19:1-6. They can know that they will obtain mercy and grace in their time of need Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2 with Hebrews 4:14-16. Mercy and grace are dispensed to Christians from the Throne of Grace through Christ’s intercession for them with the Father Ephesians 2:18; Hebrews 10:19-22. Through the Veil, that is to say His flesh in Hebrews 10:20 refers to when Jesus died on the cross, the veil in the temple that symbolically separated men from God’s presence tore in two, signifying that the way was now open for all who believe in Jesus to have direct access to the Throne of God Matthew 27:50-52. God’s children no longer have to go through priests to obtain mercy and grace in their time of need 1 John 1:8-10.

13. The future ministry of Jesus includes the resurrection of all the saints of God, Old Testament and New Testament alike, living and dead, and taking them back to Heaven with Him John 5:28-29; 14:1-3; 1 Corinthians 15:51-58; Philippians 3:20-21; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 5:1-11; 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3; 2:6-8. These scriptures all refer to the first resurrection, or the rapture, as it is known among Christians.

The next aspect of Jesus’ future ministry is at His second coming. This involves;

a. Battle of Armageddon in which Jesus single-handedly defeats Antichrist and the armies of his confederation of nations, together with Satan and the false prophet. Antichrist and the false prophet are cast alive in the Lake of Fire, the final destiny of all the ungodly, where they will be tormented day and night forever Revelation 19:11-21. Satan is bound in chains and cast into the bottomless pit for a thousand years Revelation 20:1-3.

b. Next Jesus judges the nations to determine who of them will go into the eternal Kingdom, Matthew 25:31-46. This is called the Judgment of the Nations; ‘Nations’ in Greek, also means Gentiles. The basis of this judgment will be the failure of the Gentiles to extend mercy to the Jewish believers during the tribulation.

c. Then comes the millennial age. This refers to Christ’s kingdom on earth where He will rule and reign for a thousand years Daniel 2:44-45; 7:13-14, 23-27; Zacharias 14:1-9; Ephesians 1:10; Revelation 5:8-10. The purpose of Christ’s thousand year reign on earth is to rid the earth of all the enemies of God, and all rebellion against Him.

d. At the end of the thousand years all the unrighteous dead will be raised up to life and Christ will judge them at the Great White Throne Judgment. They will be cast into the Lake of Fire together with Satan, Antichrist and the false prophet Revelation 20:11-15. The Great White Throne Judgment and the Lake of Fire signifies the end of Christ’s millennial reign, then Him handing the Kingdom over to God the Father 1 Corinthians 15:23-28.

e. Also at the end of this period Satan is loosed for a time and will deceive nations hostile to God into joining him in the last great rebellion against God. God will send fire down from Heaven and destroy them. Satan will then be cast into the Lake of Fire to suffer eternal punishment Revelation 20:7-10.

14. The final aspect of Jesus’ future ministry is that He will rule and reign with God the Father throughout eternity from His seat of government in New Jerusalem which will come down to earth from heaven after the Great White Throne Judgment. New Jerusalem will also be the home of all the saints of God Revelation 21:2-3, 9-10; 22:3-5. New Jerusalem is a literal city measuring fifteen hundred miles, twelve thousand furlongs, long, fifteen hundred miles wide and fifteen hundred miles high. It has more than enough room for every saint of God from Abel to the very last soul saved in the tribulation, who will inhabit it. The city and its streets are made of pure gold which is transparent, like clear glass. The wall surrounding the city is over two hundred feet, sixty five meters - high. It has twelve gates, each one a pearl. There is no temple as an object of worship in New Jerusalem, God the Father and Jesus will be the objects of worship. There will be a temple however, where God the Father will have His Throne; it will be His Throne forever. New Jerusalem will be the capital of God the Father in the earth throughout eternity. The city has no need of the sun and moon, for the glory of God the Father will illuminate it, and Jesus will be its light. The city gates will never be shut because it will always be perfectly secure; there will never be any darkness there Revelation 21:12-18, 22-25.


Jesus Christ was with God the Father before He was born by the virgin Mary. We read in John 17:5 where Jesus was praying, "And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with you before the world was". We can also read John 1:1, "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God". Verse 2 of John 1 confirm verse 1, " He was in the beginning with God". Many Bible students get confused with what the last part of John 1 verse 1 reads, "and the Word was God". The answer to this is; the Spirit of God the Father was in Jesus Christ, they were one in unity. Read my Bible study on 'God and man'. We clearly read what Jesus prayed in John 17:11c, "That they may be one as We are one"; John 17:21, "That they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me". They were one in unity from the beginning. Genesis 1:26, Then God said, "let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness". Ever though where Jesus Christ could have come from in His pre - human state? God took one of Adam's ribs to create Eve, to be His Help. God the Holy Spirit could have created Jesus from God the Father's ribs, to be His help.

1.  Does this mean that God the Father and Jesus Christ did not, or does not have bodies, no. We all know that by reading from Luke 24:36 - 51 we see that Jesus Christ ascended into Heaven with a tangible body. Paul writes about a natural body and a spiritual body, read 1 Corinthians 15:35 - 49. Read also 2 Corinthians 5:1 - 10. When Stephen was stoned and died he said, "Look, I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God", Acts 7:54 - 60. If they were one in body, how could he have seen two separate persons. The Hebrew word for 'image' in Genesis 1:26, "Tselem", means shape or body. We also see in 1 Corinthians 11:7, that man is made to the image of God. Jesus said to them in John 1:18, "No one has seen God at any time". This does not mean that no one will ever see God. Al the true believers will one day see God the Father, Jesus will introduce us to God the Father at the marriage feast of the Lamb. Read my Bible study on 'the Marriage Feast'.

2.  "And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us", John 1:14. So Jesus was God in the flesh, in a human body. We read in Matthew 1:18 - 25, how Jesus Christ became flesh. Matthew 1:23b, "Emanuel", which is translated, "God with us". Jesus Christ is the Son of God the Father, because, the Spirit of God the Father, the Holy Spirit conceived Jesus Christ in the womb of the virgin Mary. This is the testimony of John the Baptist as can be seen in John 1:34, "This is the Son of God". Jesus spoke of Himself as being before Abraham was, John 8:58. Galatians 4:4, "But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law".

3.  We read in Hebrews 4:15, ‘that Jesus was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin’. See also Hebrew 2:18. He was tempted more than us, if we read Matthew 4:1 - 11, Luke 4:1 - 13. I always say to people, if one has to make decisions, "What would Jesus have done or decided to do". Would He have done some of the things we sometimes do, would He have thought the thoughts we sometimes have, would He have looked at the things we sometimes look at, on television, would He have gone to the places we go to.

4.  Jesus had brothers and sisters, "Is this not the carpenter, the son of Mary, and brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? And are not His sisters here with us? Mark 6:3. See also about brothers and sisters, Matthew 13:55, 56. Note that some of them knew Him as a carpenter, in those days a son had to follow the trade of his farther.

5.  Jesus was 30 years old when He started His ministry. Luke 3:23, "Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age". We see that all the Priests of the Old Testament started at the age of 30 years, Numbers 4:1 - 4. The Bible teaches us that Jesus Christ is our High Priest, Hebrews 3:1. This is why we do not need any priests today, Jesus Christ is fulfilling that duty.

6.  Jesus Christ has his own Spirit as can be seen in Romans 8:9, "But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His". Galatians 4:6, "And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, Abba, Father". Luke 23:46, "And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, 'Father, into your hands I commend My spirit". Read Bible study 'God and man'.

7.  Jesus Christ had human limitations and passions like all men; He wept, John 11:35, Luke 19:41; He hungered, Matthew 4:2; He thirsted, John 4:7, John 19:28; He slept, Matthew 8:24, Luke 8:23; He grew weary, John 4:6; He suffered agony, Luke 22:44; He craved sympathy, Matthew 26:36 - 40; He suffered physical death, Matthew 27:50. See further Bible studies on the 'the crucifixion of Jesus Christ' and 'the resurrection of Jesus Christ'.

8.  Some people think that Jesus was a soft and timid man. The bible teach that He was a strong and healthy man. If we read in John 2:14 - 16, "And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers doing business. When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changer's money and overturned the tables".

                                                                                   Compiled by: Chris Mengel Snr.

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